ORDZHONIKIDZE (until 1932 Vladikavkaz; 1944–54 Dzaudzhikau), capital of the N. Ossetian Autonomous Republic in the Russian Federation. The city is situated in the N. Caucasus. In 1784 the Russian government erected a fortress which dominated the road crossing the Caucasus; from the 1830s there were always some Jewish soldiers in the fortress and it was, in fact, demobilized soldiers who founded the community. A prayer room was erected in 1865, and about 10 years later authorization for the construction of a synagogue was obtained. A community of Subbotniki (judaizers ) also existed in the town. During the 1890s the administration began to oppress the Jews. There were 1,214 Jews (about 2.8% of the total population) in 1897, in 1926 about 1,000 (1.3% of the population), and 1,517 (1.16% of the total) in 1939. When the Germans invaded the Soviet Union, they were brought to a halt on the outskirts of the town, so the Jewish inhabitants were saved. In 1959 about 2,000 Jews lived in the town. (Yehuda Slutsky)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Ordzhonikidze — [ō̂r΄jō̂ ni kēd′ze] (1931 44; 1954 90) for VLADIKAVKAZ …   English World dictionary

  • Ordzhonikidze — 1 Original name in latin Ordzhonikidze Name in other language Denisovka, Denisovski, Densovka, Ordzhonikidze, Ordzhonkdze, Денисовка, Орджоникидзе State code KZ Continent/City Asia/Qyzylorda longitude 52.44772 latitude 61.74942 altitude 228… …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Ordzhonikidze — geographical name see Vladikavkaz …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Ordzhonikidze — /awr jon i kid zeuh/, n. 1. Also, Orjonikidze. former name of Vladikavkaz. 2. former name of Yenakiyevo. * * * …   Universalium

  • Ordzhonikidze —  Russia; formerly Dzaudzhikau …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Ordzhonikidze — Or•dzho•ni•ki•dze [[t]ˌɔr dʒɒn ɪˈkɪd zə[/t]] n. geg former name (1944–91) of Vladikavkaz …   From formal English to slang

  • Ordzhonikidze — /ɔrdʒənɪˈkidzi/ (say awrjuhni keedzee) noun former name of Vladikavkaz …   Australian English dictionary

  • Ordzhonikidze — /awr jon i kid zeuh/, n. 1. Also, Orjonikidze. former name of Vladikavkaz. 2. former name of Yenakiyevo …   Useful english dictionary

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